Leahy Supports Passage Of Legislation Updating The Video Privacy Protection Act

WASHINGTON (Friday, December 21, 2012) – U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.) welcomed the Senate’s passage of legislation updating Video Privacy Protection Act. With the Senate’s unanimous approval on Thursday night, the legislation now goes to the President for signature.

The legislation, which passed the House of Representatives last week and is sponsored by Rep. Bob Goodlatte (R-Va.), allows consumers to share video viewing information via the Internet, while preserving privacy protections already in the law. Leahy, a leader on privacy issues and author of the original Video Privacy Protection Act as well as legislation to update the law, said passage of this legislation also sets the stage for Congress to take up other privacy matters next year, including an update of the Electronic Communication Privacy Act.

“I congratulate Representative Goodlatte for his work on this bill,” Leahy said.  “I look forward to working with him to update another critical digital privacy law, the Electronic Communications Privacy Act in the new year.” 

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Statement Of Senator Patrick Leahy (D-VT),

Chairman, Committee on the Judiciary,

On Enactment of Legislation Updating the Video Privacy Protection Act

December ­­­20, 2012

We are enacting legislation to update the Video Privacy Protection Act (“VPPA”) in order to permit the ongoing sharing of video viewing information via the Internet.  This bill contains important digital privacy provisions that I authored in the Senate to ensure consumer control over video viewing information.  

During my more than three decades in the Senate, I have worked to protect the privacy rights of American consumers.  In doing so, I have joined with Democrats and Republican alike to help guarantee the right to privacy for every citizen.  Last month, the Judiciary Committee favorably reported legislation that included these video privacy updates with strong bipartisan support.  I commend Senator Franken for his exceptional work on this measure as the Chairman of the Judiciary Committee’s Subcommittee on Technology, Privacy and the Law. He held the hearings and helped the Committee to develop the proposal contained in this bill.

I congratulate Representative Goodlatte for his work on this bill.  He began the effort in the House to update the VPPA and has worked with me to reach this final product.   I look forward to working with him to update another critical digital privacy law, the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (“ECPA”), in the new year.  The Senate Judiciary Committee reported a good proposal to ensure a warrant requirement for emails and we should move forward quickly to enact it.

The bill we enact today takes several important steps to accommodate new technologies, like video streaming and social networking, while also helping to protect digital privacy rights in cyberspace.  First, the bill updates the Video Privacy Protection Act to keep pace with how most Americans view and share videos today on the Internet.  This bill will allow American consumers, if they wish, to share their movie and television watching experiences through social media, while also ensuring that the important privacy protections in this law are not diminished. 

Second, to protect the privacy of American consumers, the bill retains key privacy protections already in the VPPA which require that consumers “opt-in” to the sharing of their video viewing information.  The bill similarly retains the requirement in current law that consumers provide informed written consent to share video viewing information.  Moreover, to ensure that consumers have control over their own video viewing data, the bill provides that consumers may “opt-in” to the information sharing on an ongoing basis for a period of up to two years at a time.  Consumers may “opt-out” of the information sharing at any time.

Lastly, the bill requires that the opportunity for a consumer to withdraw consent to the disclosure of video viewing information must be presented in a clear and conspicuous manner.  This provision requires a video tape service provider to provide one of two opportunities for the consumer to withdraw consent:  on a case-by-case (i.e., per title) basis, or to withdraw consent for ongoing disclosures.   The bill does not, however, specify where on a website, or in what form, the opportunity to withdraw consent should be provided.


Like many Americans, I am concerned about the growing and unwelcome Government intrusions into our private lives in cyberspace.  Last month, the Judiciary Committee overwhelmingly passed my legislative proposal to update the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (“ECPA”) to require a search warrant in order for the Government to obtain our email and other electronic communications stored with third-party service providers.  When we worked to enact ECPA in 1986, no one could have imagined the way the Internet and mobile technologies would transform how we communicate and exchange information today.  But, after three decades, this critical privacy law has been outpaced by the explosion of new technologies and the expansion of the Government’s surveillance powers. 

My Electronic Communications Privacy Act updates would revive and enhance the privacy protections afforded to Americans’ emails and other electronic communications by establishing a warrant requirement for all email content when stored with a third-party service provider or “in the cloud.”  There are limited exceptions to this requirement under current law.  I have worked to make certain that these updates carefully balance privacy interests, the needs of law enforcement and the interest of our thriving American tech sector. 

When the Congress enacted the Electronic Communications Privacy Act in 1986, we did so with strong, bipartisan support.   Today, we continue that long and proud tradition of coming together across chamber and party affiliation by enacting this update to the VPPA.  My legislative reforms to the Electronic Communications Privacy Act are likewise deserving of such broad and bipartisan support.  I urge us to join together in the Congress to enact these important privacy updates without delay. 

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