Attorney General To Postpone Signing Of New FBI Guidelines For National Security Investigations After Request By Leahy And Specter
WASHINGTON (Thursday, August 21, 2008) – Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.) and Ranking Member Arlen Specter (R-Pa.) Thursday released a letter they have received from the office of Attorney General Michael Mukasey, agreeing to their request that he postpone the signing of new guidelines for the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to conduct national security investigations. The letter was in response to an August 18 letter from Leahy and Specter in which they asked for the postponement to allow sufficient time for consultation with Congress, to evaluate civil liberties concerns, and to hear the testimony of FBI Director Robert Mueller at an upcoming Judiciary Committee oversight hearing.
In the letter, the Attorney General’s office agreed to wait until after hearing Mueller’s testimony at the September 17 hearing before signing off on the new guidelines. The letter did state, however, that the Attorney General intended to sign off on the guidelines before the preexisting October 1 target implementation date.
The guidelines are designed to improve the FBI’s ability to gather intelligence and respond to national security matters. Concerns have been raised that the guidelines would also provide additional authorities not currently in law, allowing the FBI to employ more expansive investigative practices, with limited ability for oversight.
The full text of the letter received from the Attorney General’s office follows.
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August 20, 2008
The Honorable Patrick Leahy
Committee on the Judiciary
United States Senate
Washington, D.C. 205 10
Dear Chairman Leahy:
We write in response to your letter of August 18, 2008, requesting a brief delay in signature of new Attorney General guidelines governing the domestic activities of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The effort to bring together different sets of Attorney General guidelines, including those that govern criminal investigations, national security investigations, and the collection of foreign intelligence, is critical for the Department of Justice. We believe that all interests would be best served by the FBI having one consolidated and harmonized set of guidelines that provides clear and consistent guidance to agents.
We appreciate your interest in this important subject, and look forward to continuing to work with you and your staff as we approach the guidelines' effective date. As you note, FBI Director Mueller is scheduled to testify on September 17th, 2008, and we welcome the opportunity to explain in detail to the American people and Members of this Committee the importance of our efforts to revise and harmonize the Attorney General guidelines. In consideration of your request, the Attorney General will not sign the guidelines prior to the September 17, 2008 hearing.
We do believe, however, that it is critical that these guidelines become effective on our planned effective date of October 1, 2008. To that end, please consider us at your disposal prior to the hearing and the implementation date to provide additional briefings. Although we have not traditionally worked with Congress in developing Attorney General guidelines, and as you note in your letter, we are not obligated to do so, we appreciate the laudable and thoughtful suggestions we have already received, and we believe that the final guidelines will be a better product as a result of our discussions.
Your letter also notes that these guidelines represent an important step toward our shared goal of improving the FBI's intelligence capabilities; we agree. Since the horrific attacks of September 11, 2001, the FBI has evolved from its traditional law enforcement role with some Intelligence Community activities into a flexible and efficient member of the Intelligence Community capable of fulfilling its mandate to be an intelligence driven agency.
The Attorney General has explained the basic premise of the consolidation effort: there should be one set of rules governing investigating or gathering intelligence about a particular activity, regardless of the activity's label. For example, international terrorism can currently be investigated under three different sets of guidelines-each with its own different procedures. We do not believe that available methods should depend on the label given the investigation. Nor should the guidelines be more restrictive for national security investigations.
We fully appreciate and share your concern about the potential civil liberties implications of the consolidated guidelines. We think the opportunity to explain to your staff our approach to these sometimes difficult issues and why we believe that the oversight mechanisms reflected in the consolidated guidelines afford appropriate protections for our civil rights and civil liberties has been helpful. Moreover, those protections will be enhanced by internal FBI policies that are being written to implement the AG guidelines. Finally, we also plan to discuss the draft guidelines with a broad group of organizations prior to signature and anticipate that they will have valuable input into the guidelines as well.
We look forward to continuing to work with you and your staff. In the meantime, and as we discussed with your staff, we will continue to train FBI employees in preparation for the October 1, 2008 implementation date.
Keith D. Nelson
Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General
cc: The Honorable Arlen Specter
Press ContactDavid Carle: 202-224-3693
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