As the Ranking Member of the Senate Judiciary Committee, Senator Leahy helps lead the Senate’s consideration of judicial nominations for all Article III Federal courts. These include nominations for the Supreme Court, the Courts of Appeals, District Courts and the Court of International Trade. After a nomination is received by the Senate Judiciary Committee, the Committee conducts a confirmation hearing for each nominee. Senators from the nominee’s home state are invited to participate in the process.
There are a total of 874 Article III judgeships nationwide. New judgeships are established through legislation enacted by Congress. There are 13 judicial circuits in the United States, and there are 89 districts within the 13 judicial circuits. Federal judges confirmed by the Senate are appointed for lifetime terms.
The Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts has more information about judicial nominations, judicial vacancies and the confirmation process. For a complete list of pending and confirmed judicial nominations, visit the Senate Judiciary Committee website.